Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy

New baby physiotherapy assessment

What is hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy?
Hypoxic ischaemic encephalopathy, or HIE, is a damage to the developing brain at birth, causing problems with movement later on in life. This damage occurs when not enough oxygen gets to the brain and happens in around 20 in every thousand births. HIE is measured with three grades, with grade one being the least severe and grade three being the most severe. HIE is treated immediately after birth in the hospital, with a range of interventions, depending on the severity of the condition.  HIE usually leads to cerebral palsy, a movement disorder caused by damage to the developing brain. The type of cerebral palsy from HIE depends on the location and the size of the brain lesion. Because babies learn so quickly, and their movement patterns are constantly changing and evolving, the type of cerebral palsy may not be diagnosed until your baby is a few months older. Typically, our HIE superbabies get their CP diagnosis between six and 18 months old.

We understand that having a diagnosis of HIE is a traumatising time for any new parents, and we are here to help when the time is right. We can provide support, education and a parent network for friendships and encouragement during these difficult circumstances.

Read more about our treatments for cerebral palsy, and how we can help your HIE superhero here.